Why is it important to be able to paraphrase? Paraphrasing is important, not only for the writing test but for all of the other parts of the test too. Being able to paraphrase will show the IELTS or TOEFL examiner that you have a wide vocabulary, helping you to achieve a higher band score.
To paraphrase text is to read the question and to then rewrite it in your own words. You should not copy words straight from the question, instead change the order of the points and choose words with a similar meaning (a synonym). This means you are using different words and way to write about the same idea.
Synonyms are words you use when you want to write a word that has a similar meaning to the original word in the question. For example;
- Area / space
- Map / diagram / picture
- Amount / number
- Car / automobile / vehicle
- Price / amount / cost
- High / big / great
Difference Between Summary and Paraphrase
The main difference between summary and paraphrase is that summary involves writing an account of the main points in brief while paraphrase involves expressing the meaning of another text in our words in order to clarify the meaning.
A summary is a brief statement or account of the main points of a text.
A paraphrase is rewording of a text to clarify the content or to say it a different way.
A summary is written in order to condense the text.
A paraphrase is written in order to clarify the text.
A summary is shorter than the original text and paraphrase.
A paraphrase is longer than a summary and sometimes it can be longer than the original text as well.
A summary contains only the main ideas of the original text.
A paraphrase contains all ideas and concepts of the original text.
Omission (Leaving Things out)
A summary can be selective; some points can be omitted.
A paraphrase has to be specific.
Summary of a Paraphrase
A paraphrase is a writing that expresses the meaning of a text using different words. The main purpose of paraphrasing is achieving greater clarity and understanding. We can also use it for opening an essay. A paraphrase also should be written in your own words, similar summarizing. This is the most important point you must remember in paraphrasing. You should change the words as well as the sentence structure of the original text.